There are 3 basic processes used in the packaging industry for applying wax: coating, laminating and impregnating. The coating process lays wax ON the surface of a packaging material. Laminating applies wax BETWEEN two materials. Impregnating causes wax to be driven INTO a packaging material surface.
These processes may be used independently or in combination - but wax is almost always applied in a molten state. To attain the properties that wax can produce, packaging materials are usually coated, laminated or impregnated with a continuous film of wax using one or more of these basic application methods:
These 5 basic methods can lead to many variations and an otherwise simple machine or process can become quite complex. Our Calwax Sales & Technical team are available for consultation and assistance in using these procedures.
The coating process may use paraffin, microcrystalline or a blend. Laminating makes use of microcrystalline wax due to the need for superior adhesive strength, cohesive strength and flexibility. Impregnating primarily uses paraffin. Selecting the right wax is not only based on the wax’s properties, but also the result desired, the materials to be processed and the machine used for application.
The degree to which the wax is applied ON or INTO (or some combination of the two) the material is also determined by the physical characteristics of the wax and the packaging material being treated. This is controlled by the speed, temperature, pressure and time used during the application process. Recognizing and knowing how to control these factors will simplify and/or eliminate most wax problems.